This is the assignment page for the topic "Renaissance Humanism and the Roman Tradition
of Citizenship" for J. B. Owens's sections of the lower-division undergraduate course, History
101, Foundation of Western Civilization. The sole purpose of this page and all of the
pages linked to it is to provide an orientation for those students enrolled in History 101.
You may return to the course
main page or to the course
Renaissance Humanism and the Roman Tradition of Citizenship
ID: Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.), plebeians, patricians, Twelve Tables (ca. 450 B.C.E.), Virgil/Vergil
(70-19 B.C.E.), Seneca (ca. 5 B.C.E.-ca. 65 C.E.), Stoic philosophy, Livy (59 B.C.E.-17 C.E.),
Tacitus (ca. 55-ca. 120 C.E.), Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374), Coluccio Salutati (1331-1406),
Peter Paul Vergerio (1370-1444)
- Why did ancient Roman education put such a great stress on oral communication skills?
- Why did ancient Roman education neglect instruction in the natural sciences?
- Why did Cicero think that broad citizen participation in the political commonwealth would
lead to better government than rule by a single man, however good he seemed to be?
- Why did Cicero (106- 43 B.C.E.) stress a connection between Justice and Nature?
- What was Renaissance Humanism?
- What does Petrarch's "Letter to Lapo" (ca. 1365) tell you about the early development of
- Why did Coluccio Salutati (1331-1406) praise the active life against monastic isolation?
- Why did Coluccio Salutati feel it was so important to defend the reading of pagan authors
like Virgil (or Vergil)?
- Why did Peter Paul Vergerio (1370-1444) give such an important place to the study of
History in the educational program he outlined in his letter (ca. 1392-1400) to Ubertinu of
- Why was the conquest of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire by the Ottoman Turks so
important for the development of the European cultural environment?
Owens, 170-179; Kishlansky, pp. 73-84, 86-100, 227-228; Petrus Paulus Vergerius [1370-1444],
"The New Education" [ca. 1392-1400), at the URL:
Mail questions and comments to owenjack - at - isu.edu or send a message now. Please include your name and
e-mail address in the body of your message.
All contents copyright © 1995-2006.
J. B. Owens
All rights reserved.
Revised: 29 May 2006