Rape and Sexual Assault
Would You Know if You Were Raped?
Rape is about Power, Control and Anger
Sexual Violence and the Law
Rapists Are Using A New Weapon To Overpower Their Victims
What You Can Do To Avoid Situations That Might Lead to Rape
Sexual Violence and Harassment Reporting Choices At ISU
Links on Rape & Sexual Assault Stories, statistics, etc.
Research shows that many college women do not know that what happened to them was rape.
Things You Need To Know About Acquaintance Rape:
Acquaintance/date rape happens more frequently to college women, and the victim may not recognize it as a crime or define the incident as "rape."
- The model time of occurrence is the victim's freshman year of college. (The second most frequent is senior year of high school and the summer between high school and college.)
- Acquaintance rape clusters on weekends and usually takes place in the assailant's room or apartment.
- The rape usually lasts longer than stranger rape, sometimes stretching for hours.
- The acquaintance rapist uses verbal threats and his own physical strength to intimidate and ovepower his victim.
- Victims of acquaintance rape tend to feel more ashamed, more guilty, more depressed, and more angry with themselves.
- Lack of peer support often hinders a woman's ability to deal with having been raped or to seek legal recourse.
- Women who fight back initially have a much better chance of avoiding the rape than those who plead or try to talk the rapist out of it.
Acquaintance/Date Rape - Phrases like DATE RAPE were intended to increase awareness of the incredibly violent crime of rape in various social settings. Since then it has been used to label rape with a certain degree of severity when it occurs. The labeling of any rape as "date" will demean it's seriousness by implying that it was somehow less violent. However, all RAPE is equally criminal and important to defend against. Rape has been called by many victims as Unfinished Murder!
Characteristics of Sexually Aggressive Males
The acquaintance rapist is an "oversubscriber" to traditional male roles. They share the view that aggression is normal and that heterosexual relationships are a form of game playing. Characteristics may include:
- They are less responsible, less concerned about the consequences of their behavior with other people.
- They are more likely to score low in socialization skills.
- They are mildly sociopathic men.
- They are the 20% of men who account for 80% of campus problems.
- They believe in an adversarial sexual system, that "women are manipulative and sneaky" and that sex roles are competitive. They disparage women altogether.
- They accept interpersonal violence.
- Their mean age is 20.3.
- They believe in a "rape culture" set of attitudes which place women in a submissive role that is inferior to the male.
Rape is about Power, Control and Anger
Think about the unthinkable. Don't mask the facts about rape with myths and stereotypes.
The Truth is. . .
Rape is an act of violence. It is an attempt to control and degrade using sex as a weapon.
Rape can happen to anyone - children, students, wives, mothers, working women, grandmothers, the rich and poor, boys and men.
Rapists can be anyone - classmates, co-workers, a neighbor or delivery person, ugly or attractive, outgoing or shy, often a friend or family member.
Sexual Violence and the Law
For Men and Women
18-6101. RAPE DEFINED
Rape is defined as the penetration, however slight, of the oral, anal or vaginal opening with the perpetrator's penis accomplished with a female under any one (1) of the following circumstances:
- Where the female is under the age of eighteen (18) years.
- Where she is incapable, through any unsoundness of mind, due to any cause including, but not limited to, mental illness, mental deficiency or developmental disability, whether temporary or permanent, of giving legal consent.
- Where she resists but her resistance is overcome by force or violence.
- Where she is prevented from resistance by the infliction, attempted infliction, or threatened infliction of bodily harm, accompanied by apparent power of execution; or is unable to resist due to any intoxicating, narcotic, or anaesthetic substance.
- Where she is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act. As used in this section, "unconscious of the nature of the act" means incapable of resisting because the victim meets one (1) of the following conditions:
- Was unconscious or asleep;
- Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act occurred.
- Where she submits under the belief that the person committing the act is her husband, and the belief is induced by artifice, pretense or concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to induce such belief.
- Where she submits under the belief, instilled by the actor, that if she does not submit, the actor will cause physical harm to some person in the future; or cause damage to property; or engage in other conduct constituting a crime; or accuse any person of a crime or cause criminal charges to be instituted against her; or expose a secret or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule.
The essential guilt of rape consists in the outrage to the person and feelings of the female. Any sexual penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime.
18-6608. FORCIBLE SEXUAL PENETRATION BY USE OF FOREIGN OBJECT.
Every person who, for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification or abuse, causes the penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of another person, by any object, instrument or device, against the victim's will by use of force or violence or by duress, or by threats of immediate and great bodily harm, accompanied by apparent power of execution, or where the victim is incapable, through any unsoundness of mind, whether temporary or permanent, of giving legal consent, or where the victim is prevented from resistance by any intoxicating, narcotic or anesthetic substance, shall be guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for not more than life.
18-6104. PUNISHMENT FOR RAPE.
Rape is punishable by imprisonment in thestate prison not less than one (1) year, and the imprisonment may be extended to life in the discretion of the District Judge, who shall pass sentence.
18-6108. MALE RAPE.
Male rape is defined as the penetration, however slight, of the oral or anal opening of another male, with the perpetrator's penis, for the purpose of sexual arousal, gratification or abuse, under any of the following circumstances:
- Where the victim is incapable, through any unsoundness of mind, whether temporary or permanent, of giving consent.
- Where the victim resists but his resistance is overcome by force or violence.
- Where the victim is prevented from resistance by threats of immediate and great bodily harm, accompanied by apparent power of execution.
- Where the victim is prevented from resistance by the use of any intoxicating, narcotic, or anaesthetic substance administered by or with the privity of the accused.
- Where the victim is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act, and this is known to the accused.
18-6109. PUNISHMENT FOR MALE RAPE.
Male rape is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for not less than one (1) year, and the imprisonment may be extended to life.
18-909. ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO COMMIT A SERIOUS FELONY DEFINED.
An assault upon another with intent to commit murder, rape, the infamous crime against nature, mayhem, robbery, or lewd and lascivious conduct with a minor child is an assault with the intent to commit a serious felony.
18-910.ASSAULT WITH THE INTENT TO COMMIT A SERIOUS FELONY - PUNISHMENT.
An assault with the intent to commit a serious felony is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not to exceed ten (10) years.
18-6105. EVIDENCE OF PREVIOUS SEXUAL CONDUCT OF PROSECUTING WITNESS.
In prosecutions for the crime of rape, evidence of the prosecuting witness' previous sexual conduct shall not be admitted nor reference made thereto in the presence of the jury, except as provided hereinafter. The defendant may make application to the court before or during the trial for the admission of evidence concerning the previous sexual conduct of the prosecuting witness. Upon such application the court shall conduct a hearing out of the presence of the jury as to the relevancy of such evidence of previous sexual conduct and shall limit the questioning and control the admission and exclusion of evidence upon trial. Nothing in this section shall limit the right of either the state or the accused to impeach credibility by the showing of prior felony convictions.
Rapists Are Using A New Weapon To Overpower Their Victims
The weapon is drugs, like Rohypnol and GHB.
These drugs are silent and invisible – when hidden in a drink, they may be completely undetectable.
Yet, they are potent and destructive. They can seriously harm or even kill you.
How Does It Happen?
You’re at a party, a club, or a social event. You’re with people you know, people you think you have no reason to fear. Someone secretly drops a drug like Rohypnol or GHB in your drink. When the drug dissolves, it is colorless and odorless. It may also be tasteless. As you consume the drink, the drug takes effect. You’re now in a weakened, helpless, or unconscious state. You’re so incapacitated that you can’t escape or resist a rapist, or even call out for help. You’re sexually assaulted. When the drug wears off, you may not remember what happened or who participated because the drug often causes amnesia.
This may sound like an old story – “ spiking the punch” or “slipping her a Mickey.” What is new is that these drugs are especially dangerous. When combined with alcohol or other drugs, the mixture can be lethal.
What Is Rohypnol?
Rohypnol is the brand name for flunitrazepam, a benzodiazepine drug. It is in the same family of medications as Valium and Xanax. But, unlike these other drugs, Rohypnol has never been approved for any medical use in the United States. It is illegal to manufacture, distribute, or possess Rohypnol in this country.
“My girlfriend started to stumble around. I thought she was just really drunk. I found out later some guy had slipped a couple of ruffies into her drink.”
What Are Rohypnol’s Effects?
Rohypnol is a potent and fast-acting sedative. The physical effects of the drug may be noticeable within twenty to thirty minutes after ingestion.
Rohypnol causes drowsiness, confusion, impaired motor skills, dizziness, disinhibition, impaired judgment, and reduced levels of consciousness. You may look and act like someone who is drunk. Your speech may be slurred and you may have difficulty walking. Or, you may be completely unconscious.
It is very dangerous to mix Rohypnol with alcohol or other drugs. The combination may produce extremely low blood pressure, respiratory depression, difficulty breathing, coma, or even death.
One of the most disturbing effects of Rohypnol is that it can produce complete or partial amnesia (loss of memory) for the events that take place after it is ingested. This means that you may not be able to remember what you did – or what was done to you – while you are under the influence of the drug, which may be a significant period of time. This “amnesic” effect is especially likely when Rohypnol is ingested with alcohol.
What Does It Look Like?
Rohypnol is most commonly found in tablet form. It is usually smuggled into this country in its original packaging – foil-backed, clear, plastic “blister packs” or “bubble packs.” Sometimes, the packages are opened and the pills are put into vitamin jars or other medication bottles. Or, the pills may be ground into a powder. Rohypnol is occasionally found in liquid form.
Rohypnol is called many things: Ruffies, Roofies, Rophies, Roches, Roaches, La Rochas, Rope, Rib, Forget Pill, Poor Man’s Quaalude, R-2’s, Roach-2’s, Circles, Dulcitas, Whiteys, Trip-and-Fall, Mind-Erasers, Mexican Valium, Lunch Money (referring to the drugs low street price), Pappas or Potatoes (describing the mental capacity of someone under the influence of the drug), Negatives or Minuses (referring to the markings on the 1 mg. Tablets), Pluses or Roches Dos (referring to the markings on the 2 mg. Tablets).
How is Rohypnol Being Abused?
Across the country, there are reports of people “closing” other people without their knowledge by dropping whole or crushed Rohypnol tablets into their drinks. When Rohypnol is dissolved in a drink, you can’t see it, smell it, or taste it. Therefore, if you are “closed,” you probably won’t know what you’re being drugged. Soft drinks, punch, beer, or other alcoholic beverages can provide the disguise.
“The last thing I remember about the party was this guy giving me a drink. I woke up seven hours later in his bed. I can’t remember anything in between.”
Against the Law
It is illegal to possess or distribute Rohypnol in the United States. It is a “controlled substance” in Schedule IV of the Federal Controlled Substances Act. It has never been approved for medical use in this country. Rohypnol is sold as a prescription drug in other countries and smuggled into the United States. In 1996, Congress passed the Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996. Under the new federal law, simple possession of Rohypnol is punishable by up to three years in prison and a fine. The distribution/administration of Rohypnol to another person without that person’s knowledge, and with the intent to commit a crime of violence, is punishable by up to twenty years in prison and a fine. In addition to the federal law, possession and misuse of Rohypnol is a violation of some state laws.
What Is GHB?
GHB is gamma-hydroxybutyrate. It has been tested for potential medical uses in the United States, but has never been approved for any use outside of FDA-approved research trials. GHB also has been promoted for body building, although the efficacy of the drug for this use has never been documented. In 1990, the FDA issued a warning to consumers to stop using GHB because of its numerous deleterious effects.
What Are The Effects of GHB?
GHB is a powerful synthetic drug that acts as a depressant on the central nervous system. It is rapidly metabolized by the body. The effects of the drug can be felt within fifteen minutes after ingestion.
GHB can cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, seizures, respiratory depression, intense drowsiness, unconsciousness, and coma. In some cases, GHB also can cause ”anterograde amnesia” (memory loss for the events following ingestion). This means that you may not be able to recall what happened to you while you were under the influence of the drug.
When GHB is ingested with alcohol or other drugs, the consequences may be life threatening. Without immediate and appropriate medical care, the results may be fatal.
Two characteristics of GHB make it especially dangerous: First, most of the GHB used today is the “homegrown” variety made by non-professionals in their own "street labs," kitchens, or bathtubs by mixing various chemical ingredients, which include solvents and caustic soda. Home-brewed GHB can be particularly dangerous. There are significant differences in the purity. , concentration, and potency of various batches. The same amount taken from two separate batches may have very different effects. The second reason GHB is dangerous is that there is a very narrow margin between the dose that will produce intoxication and the amount that will cause the harmful effects described above.
Some of the street names for GHB are Grievous Bodily Harm (GHB), Liquid X, Liquid E, Liquid Ecstasy, Easy Lay, G, Vita-G, G-juice, Georgia Home Boy, Great Hormones, Somatomax, Bedtime Scoop, Soap, Gook, Gamma 10, and Energy Drink.
What Does It Look Like?
GHB is most commonly made in a clear liquid form that is colorless and odorless. It has also been produced as a white crystalline powder.
How is GHB Being Abused?
Across the country, there are reports of GHB being distributed at clubs, bars, raves, and other parties. GHB is usually doled out by capfuls, teaspoons, drops, or “swigs.” It may be sold or passed around in containers of varying sizes, including sports bottles, designer water bottles, eye dropper bottles, baby food jars, sample size shampoo bottles, or plastic water jugs. Or, it may be offered as a small paper cup of clear liquid.
A potential victim may be unknowingly drugged with GHB. The clear liquid GHB is easily dropped or squirted into a drink. When it is dissolved in a drink, it is colorless and odorless. However, it may be recognizable by its slightly salty taste. Sometimes people who lace drinks with GHB attempt to mask the salty taste of the drug by mixing it with a sweet liqueur, or they may try to explain the salty taste by calling it a special potion or “energy drink.”
“This guy was on top of me. I tried to push him off, but I couldn’t lift my arms. They felt like they were full of sand.”
Is Everyone Affected The Same Way?
It is difficult to predict the exact effects of any drug on a particular individual. The effects vary depending upon the drug, the dose you ingest, whether the drug is mixed with alcohol or other drugs, your weight, gender, metabolism, and other factors, including how soon you receive medical assistance. There is one thing you can be sure of – the danger of serious and harmful effects is greatly increased when drugs like Rohypnol and GHB are taken in combination with alcohol or other drugs.
The Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act of 1996
Under this new Federal Law, simple possession of Rohypnol is punishable by up to three years in prison.
The distribution/administration of Rohypnol to another person without that person's knowledge, and with the intent to commit a crime of violence, is punishable by up to twenty years and a fine.
What You Can Do To Avoid Situations That Might Lead to Rape
Be Alert! Walk with confidence and purpose, wherever you go.
Be aware of your surroundings - know who's out there and what's going on.
Trust your instincts. If a situation or place makes you feel uncomfortable or uneasy, leave!
Common Sense Indoors
Make sure all doors (don't forget sliding glass doors) and windows have dead bolt locks, and use them! Install a peephole in the door. Keep entrances well-lit.
Never open your door to strangers. Offer to make an emergency call while someone waits outside. Check the identification of any sales or service people, before letting them in. Don't be embarrassed to phone for verification.
Be wary of isolated spots - apartment/dorm laundry rooms, underground garages, parking lots, offices/labs after business hours. Walk with a friend, co-worker or Public Safety Officer, particularly at night.
Know your neighbors and roommates so you have someone to call or go to if you are scared.
If you come home and see a door or window open, or broken, do not go in. Call the police, Public Safety from a public phone, one of the blue light emergency phones or a trusted friends/neighbor's home.
Common Sense Outdoors
Avoid walking or jogging alone, especially at night. Stay in well-traveled, well-lit areas.
Wear clothes and shoes that give you freedom of movement.
Be careful if anyone in a car asks you for directions - if you answer, keep your distance from the car.
If you think you are being followed, change direction and head for open stores, restaurants, theaters, police stations (Public Safety included), the SUB, or a lighted house.
Park in areas that will be well-lit and well-traveled when your return.
Always lock your car - when you get in and when you get out.
Look around, under and in the back seat of your car before you get in.
If your car breaks down, lock the doors and turn on the flashers, use a Call Police Banner or flares. If someone stops, roll the window down less than one inch and ask the person to call the police or a tow service. Carry a cell phone with you. Even if you don't have service, if you keep it charged you can dial 911 in an emergency.
Don't hitchhike, ever and don't pick up hitchhikers.
What You Can Do To Avoid Situations That Might Lead to Acquaintance/Date Rape
Set your own sexual limitations. Let the person you are with know that you expect your wishes to be respected.
Decide if you want to have sex and then do not give mixed messages if you do not want to. The sooner you communicate firmly and clearly your sexual intentions, the easier it will be for your partner to hear and accept your decision.
Be forceful and firm. Do not worry about being "polite." Often men interpret passivity as permission; they may ignore or misunderstand your "nice" or "polite" approaches.
Avoid secluded places where you are in a vulnerable position. This is especially critical at the beginning of the relationship. It will give you a chance to get to know your date better while with other people or in public settings.
Be careful if you invite someone to your home or you are invited to his/hers. The are the most likely places where acquaintance/date rape occurs.
Taking Care of Yourself
- Don’t drink beverages that you did not open yourself.
- Don’t share or exchange drinks with anyone.
- Don’t take a drink from a punch bowl.
- Don’t drink from a container that is being passed around.
- If possible, bring your own drinks to parties.
- If someone offers you a drink from the bar at a club or a party, accompany the person to the bar to order your drink, watch the drink being poured and carry the drink with you.
- Don’t leave your drink unattended while talking, dancing, using the restroom or making a phone call.
- If you realize that your drink has been left unattended, discard it.
- Don’t drink anything that has an unusual taste or appearance (e.g., salty taste, excessive foam, unexplained residue).
DO NOT MIX DRUGS AND ALCOHOL
- Appoint a designated “sober” person when you go to parties, clubs or bars. Have a plan to periodically check up on each other.
- If one of your friends appears very intoxicated, gets sick after drinking a beverage, passes out and is difficult to awaken, seems to be having difficulty breathing, or is behaving in an uncharacteristic way, take steps to ensure your friend’s safety. If necessary, call 911 for emergency medical assistance.
- If you see or hear that someone is “dosing” a drink or a punch bowl, intervene, confront the person, warn potential victims, discard the drink, and/or get help.
- Warn friends about high-risk situations, such as clubs where “dosing” is known to have occurred.
Don’t Be Ashamed Or Embarrassed To Stand Up For Yourself Or Your Friends…It Could Mean The Difference Between Life and Death!
Signs that you May Have Been Drugged
- If you feel a lot more intoxicated than your usual response to the amount of alcohol you consumed…,
- If you wake up very hung over, feeling “fuzzy”, experiencing memory lapse, and can’t account for a period of time…
- If you feel as though someone had sex with you but you can’t remember any or all of the incident…
Ways to Handle a Rape Attempt
Stay calm and think. Figure out what your otpions are and how safe it is to resist or escape. Women who fight back initially have a much igher chance of getting away. However, fighting back may not be a good idea if there is no place to escape to.
Act quickly when possible. The longer you stay in a situation, the fewer your options.
If you decide to fight back, you must be quick and effective. Target the eyes, throat, groin, knees, etc.
Yell! Make noise to discourage the attacker from following through. Say "NO" or "STOP" strongly. Do not smile, or act friendly and polite.
What To Do If It Happens To You
Get to a safe place.
Get help immediately.
Ask a trusted friend or a rape crisis counselor to stay with you and assist you in getting the help you need.
Call the police or Public Safety. The sooner you report it, the greater the chances the rapist will be caught (and he/she can be stopped from doing it again).
Go to a hospital emergency department as soon as possible for an examination and evidence collection.
Request that the hospital take a urine sample for drug toxicology testing to be done by your law enforcement agency’s crime lab. A special test must be conducted to detect Rohypnol in a urine sample.
Preserve as much physical evidence as possible. Do not urinate, shower, bathe, douche, or throw away the clothing you were wearing during the incident. If possible, save any other materials that might provide evidence, such as the glass that held your drink.
Get counseling to help deal with any feelings of anger, helplnessness, fear and shame caused by rape. It helps to talk to someone about the rape, whether it happened last night, last week or years ago.
REMEMBER - Rape is not your fault. Do not accept blame for being an innocent victim.
If Someone You Know Has Been Raped. . .
- Believe him or her. And don't blame the victim with "why" questions like "Why were you there? Why did you walk home alone? Why didn't you scream/fight/run."
- Encourage your friend to get medical attention. Services at the emergency room are important because there may be internal injuries that are not apparent as well as the risk of STD's and pregnancy. A medical exam can also help provide evidence should the victim decide to prosecute. The victim should make these decisions.
- All control has been stripped from your friend during the assault. Allow the victim to make decisions about what steps to take next. Do not tell the victim what to do.
- Let your friend decide who will know about the assault. It is not your place to tell people.
- Allow your friend to cry, scream, yell - whatever they may feel. Remember the victim is venting emotions toward the assailant and the situation - not you. Suggest calling a professional counselor who can help your friend with their feelings. Contacting the National Sexual Assault Hotline, operated by RAINN for free, confidential counseling, 24 hours a day: 1-800-656-HOPE.
- And remember you don't have to deal with the feelings and emotions you are having concerning your friend's attack alone either. Check with your school or university for resources near you.
- Listen to your friend. Don't add your opinions. If the victim wishes to remain silent, do not force a discussion. Say you will be there to listen always.
- Above all else - be a friend.
Sexual Violence and Harassment Reporting Choices At ISU
You may use any or all options available for reporting an incident.
Call the Janet C. Anderson Gender Resource Center at 282-HOPE (4673) or 282-2805 and ask to speak with an advocate.
Call the Pocatello Police at 234-6100. This can be an information report only or the prosecutor will review the case and charges could be filed or prosecution denied. If charges are filed there will be a preliminary hearing and a trial (Civil litigation through your own attorney is always an option).
Report to the Dean of Student Affairs, Hypostyle Room 384, 282-2315. The Dean's Office will take university disciplinary action where appropriate. The victim and accused may be referred to University Counseling (private counseling is your choice).
Report to the Office of Affirmative Action - Museum Bldg., Rm. 423, 282-3973. May be solved informally or with a formal investigation with sanctions, if appropriate.
|OTHER IMPORTANT NUMBERS|
|Pocatello Police Department||234-6100|
|Pocatello Free Clinic||233-6245|
|Portneuf Medical Center||239-1000|
|Bannock County Sheriff||236-7114|
|Bannock County Court Services||236-7083|
|Bannock Co. Victim/Witness Coordinator||236-7824|
|Idaho Dept. of Corrections VINE Program||1-877-846-3443|
|ISU Public Safety||282-2515|
|ISU Student Affairs||282-2794|
|ISU Student Health||282-2330|
|SU Counseling & Testing||282-2130|